SKUAST-K commemorates World Zoonoses Day
Srinagar, July 6: To better prepare for the public health challenges like the COVID19 pandemic, experts on Tuesday stressed adapting the One Health Approach for addressing the transmission of infections from animals to humans as 75% of the emerging diseases in the world are zoonotic in nature.
Human and animal health experts were speaking in a daylong conference held by the Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Kashmir to commemorate World Zoonoses Day. The function was organised by SKUAST-K’s Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry under the World Bank-ICAR funded National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP) for the institutional development of the SKUAST-K. The event was jointly managed by FVSc’s Division of Veterinary Microbiology and Division of Veterinary & Animal Husbandry Extension.
Assistant Director-General of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Dr Ashok Kumar, highlighted the challenge of zoonotic diseases and said more than 75% of the emerging diseases among humans transmit from animals. He discussed the role of the One Health Approach, a WHO concept to address the issue of public health in an integrated manner, for tackling zoonotic diseases.
Vice-Chancellor, SKUAST-K, Prof JP Sharma, who addressed the gathering in virtual mode, highlighted the importance of animal agriculture and associated risks of zoonotic disease. He stressed on capacity building in terms of rapid and accurate disease diagnosis and enhanced quality of veterinary services that are affordable and accessible. Prof MS Khuroo in his presentation discussed the historical perspective about the discovery of Hepatitis –E. The hepatitis-E virus is an emerging global disease that is found almost everywhere in the animal kingdom.
Director Planning and PI NAHEP, Prof Nazir Ahmad Ganai, stressed upon integrating the veterinarians, medical professionals, environmentalists and Food technology experts to further understanding the “One Health Concept”. He stressed on capacity building in terms of infrastructure and human resources to take on the challenge of zoonotic diseases and bio-safety issues. Dean FVSC & A.H, Mohammad Tufail Banday in his opening remarks exhorted veterinarians & medical professionals to address the problem of Zoonotic diseases.
Prof. Shakil Ahmad Wani talked about the topic “Zoonosis-Role of veterinarians”. He highlighted the importance of the future generation to learn from failures in order to frame the success in future. Dr Saleem Kamli discussed the recent COVID19 pandemic and its mitigation strategies. He also discussed the positive side of Covid for bringing all walks of life together. Prof. Sarfaraz Ahmad Wani Director of Research was the guest of honour for the valedictory function. He highlighted the role of the World Zoonosis day” in the present pandemic scenario and the role of veterinarians in controlling emerging and remerging diseases. The symposium was held under strict Covid SOPs.
Lack of physical activity, stress affect well-being of children
Need to impart healthy and active lifestyle among youngsters
World Health Organisation (WHO) defines health as complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. At an early stage children not only need love and care, but also a proper road map for a healthy lifestyle. This road map should be devised by keeping in mind all the parameters of health and wellness. It should not only focus on the physical and mental health of our children but also on the social aspects of it. To achieve this goal we need to enhance the skills of parents. The health and wellness plan from the birth of a child will decide the future of our coming generations.
In recent years of my clinical practice as a physiotherapist, I have noticed more youngsters coming to me with musculoskeletal disorders. This abrupt rise of my younger generation patients, their lack of physical activity, unnecessary stress and lack of social set-up that could provide them with a platform to practice a healthy lifestyle at an early stage urged me to choose this topic today.
In recent years children as young as 12-18 years old have been coming to me with musculoskeletal disorders. While consulting/counselling these youngsters I have come to the conclusion that there is not only a lack of physical activities but also a lot of avoidable stress leading to the unhealthy choice of lifestyle in this age group these days.
To a large extent, I believe that technology has also played a great role in this. No doubt that technology has become an integral component of our daily lives. Technology has, to a great extent, made our lives easier but at the same time, it has done that at the cost of our physical, mental and our social lives. This all begins when we as a parent make a choice of offering a smartphone to our 6-month-old so that we can feed him. Children are easily attracted to new toys and a smartphone with so many features is no doubt the best form of toy for them. It has a cartoon that speaks to them anytime they hit the button. The best fictional stories they could ever watch and everything they could get their hands on. Meanwhile, we don’t realize the cost of bringing this technology to them at this early stage of their life. We happily make our child technology-dependent too early for our own convenience, as it is not only saving us time in this fast-moving world, but we also think that we are making our child happy.
Physical inactivity in children is becoming a growing problem day by day and has been considered an epidemic according to research.
WHO reports that about 70% of boys and up to 88% of girls under the age of 10 don’t get the physical activity they need for their age.
Think back to the times when we were growing up as kids. How did we spend our time in school as well as at home? There were no computers, no smartphones, and almost no technology. There was a good balance between our books, TV time and playing games. We were encouraged to go out and play. We had more real friends than social media friends whom we could talk and discuss our stress with. We also used to spend a lot of time on our vacation with our extended family members, especially with our grandparents. We used to listen to their stories, the folk stories, their real-life experiences etc. I remember going on for long walks with my grandfather and on the way bothering him with lots of inquisitive questions about the trees, the birds, or whatever we saw on our way. This helped me appreciate nature, love animals and observe things keenly.
But times have changed. Children today are hardly seen playing after school or having a good social life. Pressure from parents to perform better in academics, more and more access to technology and lack of physical activity is leading to overall physical, mental and social problems in their lives.
This sedentary lifestyle arising due to various problems discussed above is the leading cause of childhood obesity, hypertension, cardiac problems juvenile diabetes, anxiety, aggression, depression and other behavioural changes and musculoskeletal disorders in children. Delayed growth and development in infants and toddlers are also seen due to changing patterns of raising our children and more and more technology taking over our burdens. In recent years, more infants and toddlers are facing delayed speech and learning disabilities.
Investing time and effort in early childhood development starting from infancy is pertinent to stop this epidemic and give our children the best life. Plan a proper balanced healthy lifestyle program for your child’s health and wellness.
Here are some tips to lay a foundation for the health and well-being of our children whose benefits last a lifetime.
· Do not introduce technology to your children at a very early age.
· Instead introduce games which stimulate their brains, e.g. educational and learning toys such as building blocks, numbers, shapes, colours etc.
· Spend more and more time with them while they are still in their infancy. Read a storybook for them, this encourages them to read and write.
· Feed them while they are observing nature and not offering them a smartphone, this helps them enjoy their food and develop their taste buds better.
· Encourage them to feed themselves as soon as you think they are ready for it.
· Encourage them to do small independent activities e.g. feeding themselves, combing, brushing, tying shoe laces, etc. This will not only help them stay physically fit but also independent.
· Introducing a healthy balanced diet plan and avoiding junk food is imperative.
· Regularize the feeding and sleeping time.
· Encourage going to bed early and do not give them access to technology at bedtime.
· Limit the technology, TV and video game time, e.g. you can allow technology time which includes any form of technology only 1-2 hours a day.
· Encourage them to spend more time playing games with friends, and extended family members, especially grandparents.
· You can also select a day to play with your kids e.g. weekends, this will help you bond with your kids and also help you and your kids stay physically fit.
· Encourage them to spend more time playing outdoors.
· Encourage them to spend time with grandparents, let them listen to their real-life experiences and learn from them, and encourage physical activity as much as possible.
· Bond with your kids. Listen to them with open mind and heart. Do not put pressure on them to achieve academic or any other goals in life, instead encourage them to do well in life by giving them all the support they need.
· Last but not least be a practical example for your own kids. Practice a healthy lifestyle and they will follow you.
The author is a physiotherapist. She has done BPT from Bangalore, PGDMS from London, MBA from USA, MIAP. Besides, she has fellowships in Geriatric Rehabilitation, Pediatric Rehabilitation and is a certified women’s health exercise expert. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
SKUAST-K to hold 2-day international conference on impact of viral infections
Srinagar, Nov 1: Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir is going to hold a two-day international conference on the impact of viral infections at the Shalimar campus on November 5&6 (Saturday and Sunday), 2022.
The international conference ‘Emerging and Re-emerging Viral Infections Impacting Humans, Animals, Plants, Fish and Environment’ will be part of XXX Annual Convention of the Indian Virological Society to be held at SKUAST-K this year.
Renowned virologists and scientists including, Dr RK Ratho, PGI Chandigarh; Prof Parvaiz A Koul, SKIMS, Soura; Dr Pragya Yadav, NIV, Pune; Prof NN Barman; AAU, Assam; Dr Anirban Roy, IARI, New Delhi; Dr Amit Pandey, Bhimtal; and Dr Manoj Kumar, Hester Biosciences Limited will be keynote speakers at the conference.
The conference on viral infections is being held against the backdrop of the emergence and re-emergence of viral outbreaks like Covid-19, severe liver inflammation in kids, monkeypox, polio, and “tomato flu” etc.
The recent outbreak of the LSD virus has killed over 1 lakh cattle and is still unabated. Each viral disease appears to be the result of unusual manifestations and proliferation of viruses previously known.
The conference on viral infections will bring scientists from different disciplines at National and International levels to discuss preemptive measures for anticipating such outbreaks, control measures to be taken, and readily available diagnostic and therapeutic measures. The keynote speakers will talk about research going on emerging and re-emerging viral diseases and the policies surrounding them.
How to care for bedridden elderly patients at home
Dr Taizeena Khan
The author is a physiotherapist. She has done BPT from Bangalore, PGDMS from London, MBA from USA, MIAP. Besides, she has fellowships in Geriatric and Pediatric Rehabilitation
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