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SKUAST-K to hold mega farm mela on Sunday & Monday

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SKUAST-K farm mela

Advisor to Lt Governor, Farooq Khan, to inaugurate 2-day event

BK News

Srinagar, March 2: With a renewed focus on tech-driven sustainable farming, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir is holding a two-day mega farm mela at Shalimar campus on Saturday and Sunday.

Advisor to Lt Governor, Farooq Ahmad Khan, is expected to inaugurate J&K’s annual mega event, ‘7th Technology Exhibition cum Seed Sale Mela’ in presence of Vice Chancellor, SKUAST-K, Prof Nazir Ahmad Ganai. This year’s theme for the two-day mela is ‘Organic Farming: A Way Forward towards Sustainable Agriculture in Jammu and Kashmir’.

More than 1 lakh people from all walks of life, including students, are expected to visit the two-day mela to buy the inputs of their interest and have first-hand experience of the latest farming techniques & technologies of the various Agri and allied sectors.

The focus of this year’s mela is on organic and natural farming, the creation of an eco-friendly food production, considered better for human health and the environment. The exhibition will not only display various technologies and methods used in such type of agriculture, but the successful organic food growers will display their produce as well. SKUAST-K scientists will hold sessions and interactions for farmers and other interested people informing them about organic cultivation.

Another USP of this year’s mela will be some latest agri-tech startups (including those incubated and promoted by SKUAST-K) using concepts like AI & ML, drone technologies and IoT under the fourth agriculture revolution (Agri 4.0)for solving various farming problems.

SKUAST-K farm melaMela provides a platform for farmers, entrepreneurs and others to create, build and establish new opportunities in various agricultural sectors. About 24 Research Stations, seven subject matter faculties, District KVKs from Kashmir Valley and Ladakh of the SKUAST-K, along with the Progressive and adopted farmers of KVKs working under SKUAST-K, will be putting their material on display at their respective stalls in the Mela. Besides, various government departments, MNCs, national companies and local entrepreneurs will project their products and services at the meal.

There will be more than 100 stalls in the exhibition to sell fruit planting material, fish, vermicompost, animal feeds and supplements, herbs, animal and Agri byproducts, vegetable and flower seeds and seedlings. Mela will also exhibit the latest farm technologies, machinery and equipment.

Mela will also witness the participation of the industries associated with agro-chemicals, pesticides, fertilizers, veterinary pharmaceuticals etc. Financial institutions like J&K Bank, NABARD, SBI, etc., will be present for exhibiting their various financial services and products aimed at farmers and agri-entrepreneurs.
The mela has become the main attraction for the people over the past few years as a large number of farmers and other interested people visit the event.

AgriBiz

DDG ICAR on SKUAST-K visit to reviews World Bank-funded NAHEP

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DDG ICAR on SKUAST-K visit

BK Media

Srinagar, June 9: Deputy Director General (DDG) of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi, Dr Rakesh Chandra Agrawal reviewed the institutional development plan (IDP) of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural University of Sciences and Technology of Kashmir under the World Bank-ICAR funded National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP) and presided over a series of functions here at Shalimar campus on Thursday.

Dr Agrawal, who is also the National Director of NAHEP, is on a three-day visit to SKUAST-K to assess the progress of the prestigious Rs 30-crore project awarded to the farm university in July 2019.

The DDG, while addressing the review meeting on early Thursday morning, complimented SKUAST-K for being one of the top performers under the NAHEP. He said among 64 farm universities and institutes, SKUAST-K is doing remarkably well under the project, and both ICAR and World Bank monitoring and evaluation teams have given excellent reviews and have rated the SKUAST-K performance as outstanding.

While talking about the implementation of NEP-2020 in agricultural universities, Dr Agrawal said now the focus should be on own revenue generation so that these institutions can become self-reliant by 2035 as required by the policy. He said SKUAST-K has a lot of opportunities to create its revenue model from various entrepreneurial ventures and services it can provide.

While appreciating SKUAST-K’s proactive role in sending its faculty and students for overseas trainings and exposure trips, Dr Agrawal said, to become a global university, SKUAST-K must now work on bringing international students to the university and organise international programmes. During the meeting, he also interacted with the SKUAST-K students, who are on a visit to Kansas State University, USA. He said this kind of exposure helps making students future leaders and provides them with the confidence to overcome various challenges while building their careers.

The DDG stressed providing an eco-system to students so that after leaving the university they won’t be dependent on government jobs rather open their own entrepreneurial ventures.

Vice Chancellor, SKUAST-K, Prof Nazir Ahmad Ganai, while briefing the DDG about the progress of SKUAST-K under NAHEP said that the place the university has made for itself among the top farm institutions of the country is only because of the ICAR support and NAHEP. The changes that have happened in the university and the milestones achieved are because of the NAHEP. He said the university is conducting every day an event, training or workshop under the NAHEP.

Prof Ganai said earlier that students in the university would attend classes, complete the degree and go home to wait for a job but due to exposure and skills they got because of the project have changed their mindset. Now they are thinking of themselves as the solution providers. He said that SKUAST-K has to become the agent of change to work for making the J&K farm led bio-economy of the country. He said the project has also inspired us to set the goal of becoming the first innovation-led farm university in the country.

Director Education, Prof MN Khan presented a vote of thanks. OSD to Vice Chancellor, Prof Azmat Alam Khan gave a detailed overview of the NAHEP activities carried out in the university and the impact of these activities in terms of output and outcomes. He said that the university has already four private limited companies and a number of startups are in the process of registration. All the deans, directors HODs, faculty members and students attended the meeting.

DDG ICAR on SKUAST-K visit

On the occasion, the IDP newsletter ‘Agrucation’ and some other publications of the university were also released by the DDG ICAR.

After the review meeting, Dr Agrawal visited the startup exhibition and interacted with the startup founders about their ventures. The startup founders, innovators and faculty members, who went for overseas fellowships under NAHEP, presented their ideas and outcomes. outcomes and ideas

Later, Dr Agrawal inaugurated Vice Chancellor’s Sports Festival. A cultural programme by the students under Dean Students Welfare was also presented.

For the next two days, Dr Agrawal will be visiting the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Faculty of Forestry, where he will visit NAHEP created facilities, attend various functions and interact with students.

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Udhampur youth makes saffron cultivation possible in uncultivable terrain

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Inspiration

Malik Nisar

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At a time when people in Kashmir are losing interest in saffron farming, an Udhampur youth has won many accolades for making profitable cultivation of the world’s costliest spice in parched lands of this mountainous district.

Born in a family of farmers in Mir village of Panchari area of Udhampur district, Angrez Singh became the household name for his hard work and dedication not only in his village but to the whole union territory of Jammu and Kashmir for successfully growing saffron in his fields despite the high temperature in the district.

“I have put in a lot of efforts and hard work as growing saffron in the first place was not an easy job that too in a place like Udhampur,” Singh said.

“Youths should cultivate saffron in their abandoned fields. One can earn his livelihood decently.”

Saffron is cultivated in regions that are about 1500-2800 meters above sea level, where there is snowfall in winters. September to October is the right time for planting saffron tubers. The quality and price of saffron are determined by its colour, taste, and aroma.

Udhampur youth saffron cultivation

Angrez has been into saffron cultivation for the last many years with limited resources available in the area. The Mir village where Angrez grows saffron is located at an altitude of 1761m above mean sea level and is almost 40 km interior of Udhampur’s main town with very limited connectivity.

“Climate of Panchari is very cold. Saffron needs one thousand chilling hours (minus seven degrees temperature) in a year. I planted saffron bulbs in Mir village of Panchari, which is getting a good yield for three years. Its seed (bulb) will be prepared after the completion of four years,” said Singh.

Angrez Singh started saffron cultivation in 2018 under the NMHS project on his land in the far-flung area of Udhampur district with limited resources available in his area.

“Angrez showed a lot of dedication from the very beginning of the project and without his dedication, it was not possible to grow saffron at the place where Angrez lives because it’s a far-flung area with limited resources available. Angrez Singh is the role model for the young generation and youths interested in farming should follow Angrez,” said Dr Amjad M Husaini Principal Investigator NHMS project at SKUAST-K.

Angrez Singh has also been receiving inputs and guidance from the project staff “A Value Chain of Saffron in New Areas of NW Himalayas by Engaging youth and Women for Strengthening a Bio-Based Green Economy” on regular basis and has been growing saffron successfully.

“Without the support and direction of Dr Amjad M Husaini things would not have been possible for me,” said Angrez Singh.

Besides, Kashmir’s Pampore, the crop is at present grown in the Kishtwar district of Jammu and Kashmir and the annual production stands at seven tones. The demand for saffron is much more than the annual production of saffron in India. Most of the saffron is being imported from Iran to meet domestic demand. Iran is the world’s leading producer of saffron, with 300 tons produced each year followed by Spain and India.

“Farmers can earn good profit by adopting this model in climatic areas like that of Panchari,” said Angrez Singh, who has also worked on floriculture and mushroom cultivation in Panchari earlier, which has benefited many farmers.

Angrez Singh won the best farmer award at the two-day international conference on “Saffron and Seed Spices-Innovative Technologies for Sustainable Development” held at SKUAST-K Shalimar campus in the early spring. The conference provided a multi-disciplinary forum for scientists across the globe particularly in India, Iran, Spain, Morocco, Azerbaijan and Afghanistan.

 In the inaugural session, a few publications related to saffron cultivation and practices were released, among which “saffron cultivation in Kitchen Gardens” by Dr Husaini is of special interest to the common people who wish to cultivate the crop in their kitchen gardens for domestic use thereby boosting the immunity of children.

“We have similar results in the village Gandhari, Ramban where another progressive farmer Rehmatullah Rounyal got the best saffron award last year in 2020 from the district administration,” said Amjad Husaini, “more farmers like them should come forward so that we can expand this prestigious crop in suitable non-traditional areas”.

Angrez Singh is extremely proud of his achievements and wants to cultivate more saffron in the coming future because saffron has given him “fame, recognition, and money”.

“I want to excel in this field because it gave me everything,” he concludes.

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Editorial | Modernise Horticulture 

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Modernise Horticulture 

The turbulent political situation in Jammu and Kashmir for about the past three decades has marred its economic development. From being a self-sufficient state in its economic needs once, J&K has now reached a situation where it always has to be dependent on the central funds.

More than 50% of its expenditures are met from the aid and grants provided by New Delhi. Besides, J&K each year raises hundreds of crores in the form of debt. It is becoming extremely difficult for the government to pay back the interest on this debt, not to talk of the debt itself.

The political situation created vested interests and inefficient governments always had something to blame to keep away from prioritising the economic and other developmental needs of the people. An economically weak J&K suited these vested interests, the planning and policies they made never had been for reaping the available resources of the UT. Rather, certain sectors, which are totally dependent and interlinked to external forces, were given priority over the sectors, which have been time tested in J&K and are mostly weathered to external conditions.

J&K in general and Kashmir, in particular, has been an agrarian economy for centuries. And the available natural resources in the state are fertile land, forests and an abundance of water added to temperate climatic conditions, which makes it one of the best-suited places for agriculture, horticulture and other related occupations in the world.

Though the majority of the people here are associated with this profession but the mode of their operations is still primitive with negligible use of technology. Despite that, it is the main contributor to the economy. According to recently issued government figures, yearly export returns from the fruits are about Rs 10,000 crore which is only next to government salaries. Kashmir valley supplies more than 70% of the total consumption of apples in India. But a Kashmir apple fetches only half of what a Himachal Apple gets. J&K has not enough post-harvest infrastructure available and processing of the fruits is happening at a very limited level.

There is no horticulture policy in the state like we have a policy for tourism. Neither there has been any bigger provision in the state budget for the horticulture industry, except for a few tax concessions and schemes introduced in recent years.

Some of the schemes introduced by the government, like high-density plantations look very promising and the results it has shown so far are encouraging. Similarly, the government has roped in some outside investments like that of NAFED for developing high-density orchards and creating infrastructure like cold storage. These tie-ups are very important and will provide the much-needed capital for modernising the horticulture sector in UT. But some farmers have shown scepticism saying that these same are being planned in such a way that will benefit the middlemen and businessmen rather than the farmers.

The UT administration must make sure that all the schemes are formulated in a way that their first priority must be to benefit the poor farmers instead of creating a class of middlemen.

No doubt the horticulture industry needs modern post-harvest technology, processing infrastructure and new marketing strategies. This is only possible if UT makes the sector a priority and there is a long-term policy for it, which particularly revolves around the farmers. Modernising horticulture is the only way to bring economic self-reliance to Jammu and Kashmir.

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