HDFC, ICIC Bank asked to improve lending to priority sector; CS commends role of banks
Jammu, Jan 21: Banks operating in Jammu and Kashmir have achieved 50% credit target in the union territory during the first three quarters of 2020-21.
From April 1 to December 31, banks have disbursed Rs 22,471 crore among 8.95lakh beneficiaries achieving 50% in financial terms (credit target) and 58% in physical target under Annual Credit Plan 2020-21, chairman J&K Bank RK Chhibber said during the Union Territory Level Bankers’ Committee (UTLBC) for J&K meeting.
J&K Bank is the convenor bank for Jammu and Kashmir as per RBI guidelines to coordinate between various banks, financial institutions and government departments for implementation of credit policies and various developmental schemes and programmes.
The 2nd UTLBC meeting was chaired by Chief Secretary BVR Subrahmanyam, according to a statement issued by the J&K Bank.
Under the four government-sponsored schemes: NRLM, PMEGP, NULM and SC/ST/OBC Schemes, Chhibber said, an amount of Rs 377 crore has been disbursed by banks in favour of 13,536 beneficiaries.
Regarding KCCs for all farmers target, it was said that banks in J&K have issued 9.78 lakh KCCs so far, which include 8.86 lakh to agricultural farmers and 92,000 KCCs to the animal husbandry and fisheries farmers with a total financial outlay of Rs 5900 crore.
Dispose of all KCC application by March 31: CS to banks
Chief Secretary advised the banks to ensure 100% saturation of farmers under KCC Scheme including those associated with allied agricultural activities, viz. Dairy, Sheep, Poultry, Fisheries, etc.
He stressed upon the banks to ensure that all pending KCC applications are disposed of by the end of the current financial year.
Regarding performance under various sectors, the Chief Secretary J&K advised the banks to lay special focus on Agriculture, MSMEs and Housing Sectors and ensure achievement of the allocated target under Annual Credit Plan 2020-21.
The Schemes like Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY), Stand-up India, where loans upto Rs 1 crore are provided to women and SC/ST entrepreneurs, need to be pushed on a mission mode the Chief Secretary added.
He further emphasized the need for wider publicity of PMAY so that people of J&K UT can avail the benefit of interest subsidy.
Chief Secretary instructed banks to cover all eligible cases under PM SVANidhi Yojana (Street Vendors Scheme) – one of the flagship programs of GoI under Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, including 6,000 more cases expected to be sponsored by the concerned sponsoring agencies, by the end of CFY (2020-21).
He also stressed upon the need to substantially increase issuance of indigenous RuPay Debit Cards to fulfil the Government of India vision to take every Indian towards a “less-cash” society.
The chief secretary, according the statement, commended the banks for their performance under AtmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, Back to Village Programme and various other initiatives taken by the Central and UT Government.
He appreciated the services rendered by the banks to the people during the challenging times and stated that the banks have to be the partners with government in the process of economic development of J&K.
During the meeting, the Chief Secretary also lauded the role played by J&K Bank during the UT Government’s Back to Village Program besides appreciating the efforts of SBI in having improved its performance under lending to Priority Sector.
However, it was noted that the performance of major new generation Private Sector Banks viz. HDFC Bank and ICICI Bank in lending to Priority Sector and Government Sponsored Schemes has not remained satisfactory. They were advised to scale up their performance in J&K henceforth.
Speaking on the occasion, Financial Commissioner Finance Arun Kumar Mehta stated that MSMEs Sector being the major driver of growth, banks need to put in strenuous efforts to achieve 100% targets allocated for the Sector under ACP 2020-21.
Appreciating the role of banks during the Back-to-Village Programme, he stated that banks have so far sanctioned more than 16000 cases and envisaged an aggregate sanction of 20,000 cases under the programme by the end of Current Financial Year.
The meeting was also attended by Principal Secretary Housing &Urban Development Dheeraj Gupta, Principal Secretary Animal Husbandry and Agriculture Production Navin Kumar Chowdhary, Director DFS MoF (GoI) AK Dogra, Regional Director RBI, Kamal P Patnaik, CGM NABARD RK Srivastava, Divisional Commissioner Jammu Sanjeev Verma, and Deputy Commissioners of Jammu, Kathua and Samba districts.
Other senior functionaries of the Government, RBI, NABARD, line departments, Banks, LDMs, Insurance companies, BSNL etc were also present in the meeting.
J&K Bank organised awareness programmes in Sopore villages
Sopore, Nov 24: J&K Bank Branch Chinkipora Sopore on Thursday organized a day-long Customer Awareness Program and Financial Literacy Camp. At the request of the local community, a programme was organised in the villages of Rampora and Rajpora, Dangerpora Sopore, Baramulla.
Mohammad Yaqoob Kaloo (Branch Head) presided over the programme assisted by Sameer Gojwari (Manager Credit), and Tawseef Ahmad (Recoveries & Follow-up). Dr Ashraf Ahmad (Veterinary Department), Dr Farooq Ahmad (Veterinary Department), Jahangir Ahmad (Horticulture Department), and Parviaz Ahmad (Khidmat Centre Warpora Sopore) attended the event as well. Several established unit holders under various government-sponsored programmes backed by J&K Bank graced the occasion and motivated the young to pursue the road of entrepreneurship/start-ups.
Yaqoob Kaloo opened the discussion by introducing J&K Bank and its mission of ‘Serving to Empower’ the youth of the country in general and the UT of J&K in particular, followed by the product line provided by the bank for youth development and upliftment to pursue entrepreneurship as a vocation and be job creators rather than job seekers. He introduced the audience to a plethora of government-sponsored programmes for unemployed youth, as well as the role of banks, notably J&K Bank, in establishing these policies through funding and linking the government and the unemployed youth for economic improvement and balance.
PMEGP, MUMKIN, Prime Minister Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi), DAY-NULM, DUDM, Tejaswini, KCC for Agriculture and allied etc schemes were discussed.
In addition, Sameer Gojwari emphasised the need for clarity of ideas, followed by thorough project reports on the sort of activity in which youth desire to grow their careers.
“Make in India concept needs to be replicated and implemented in every corner of the country wherein “produce and use local must be too vocal” to put the revolution in deep rural areas,” he said.
The J&K economy is opening up to the rest of the globe, and consumption is expanding in line with per capita and disposable family incomes. To meet that need, a large percentage of it is imported from neighbouring states, which might otherwise be produced in the J&K region. Projects in the pink revolution (meat), white revolution (milk and dairy goods), blue revolution (fish farming), green revolution (agricultural and associated products), and biproducts can breathe new life into the economy and reduce the region’s reliance on tourism and the apple industry. Aspiring entrepreneurs should develop ventures where raw materials are readily available, and the initial consumer should be the region’s native population, leading to profit generation in the early stages of the project with fewer chances of failure.
Youth were encouraged, and the role of J&K Bank in financing sustainable and future-oriented initiatives that prospective entrepreneurs may have in mind was reaffirmed.
Tauseef Ahmad emphasised the need for timely payment of interest dues.
“Once the project is funded and the trajectory is established, the crucial measures that must be taken care of when handling the finance part and its repayment,” he explained.
“It is visible where interest helps in managing leverage ratios can lead to downfall if not managed and paid well in time thus affecting the credit score initially and can lead to blacklisting in the long run which is no option in the modern-day world where in the entire economy and business revolves round the banking sector,” he added.
Parvaiz Ahmad focused on the digital aspect and paperwork linked to various credit products, as well as the online submission of applications for government schemes, and promised to assist ambitious entrepreneurs in this sector.
Yaqoob Kaloo presented a vote of thanks to people from both villages for coming out in large numbers despite the harsh winter. The Chair offered full financial assistance to the young who want to pursue entrepreneurship as a career and have unique ideas for repairing and rebuilding lost crafts and skills that were previously appreciated across the world.
Banking Strategy: The Road Ahead
ABRAR UL MUSTAFA
The essence of any business or industry sector lies in constant change and improvement. This demands to be done in the technology, business model, business policy and strategy and several distinct aspects. Banking is no oddity. This industry has faced multiple setbacks in the recent past. Rising bad debts, cyber-frauds, ineffectual governance, dilution of kernel business and so on have crippled the sector. Consequently, the road ahead is uncertain, and the tunnel is dark. Banking strategies need a timely overhaul if we want the newest and the best avenues to open for this vast enterprise. Change in planning is needed to achieve change in profits.
A strategy is a plan. It is the overall aim of an organisation. It is a carefully crafted roadmap that may be followed to achieve the desired results and lead an organisation to the avenues of prosperity and profit. An avenue is a road we want to take to. It is the desired destination. The milestone we would want to cross. Careful planning is the key to reach the set avenues.
Keeping in view the ongoing banking scenario and the reasons behind the downfall of this great industry, let’s discuss new strategies in banking avenues. Let’s suggest, understand and choose novel strategic ideas.
1. Technology: Yes. Technological up-gradation is a plan that never gets out of fashion. Technology keeps changing like the weather. Any tech upgrade of last year is obsolete this season. Last year, we used to insert a debit card into a swipe machine to shop. This year we just wave our debit card over a POS machine, say hi to the equipment and the transaction is done. Needless to say that technology is the backbone of the banking system. The updated the technology, the better the banking. The strategies we form should adopt technology as one of the central elements of the strategic portfolio. Tech must be at the core of all strategic advancements. The strategists should think of any blueprint they want to put in on the lines of its technological specifications and doctrine. Test each strategy on the scale of technology.
It is important that we don’t remain reluctant to go for the concepts of Cognitive Technology. Cognitive Tech is the application of computers for doing those tasks that only a human being could do. These are the products of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Examples of AI that could be imposed in banking are Blockchain, Robotics and Process Automation. Blockchain is the process of systematically collecting data in blocks and giving it a chronological order and eventually obtaining insightful information. Blockchain is the same technological interface that lies at the spine of Cryptocurrency. Banks should wholeheartedly embrace these marvels of Cognitive Technology to usher new avenues.
2. Back to basics: Traditional banking was the best in terms of focus and specialisation. A banker had to appraise a loan applicant and lend. He had to accept people’s deposit. The difference between the interest earned and interest paid was his profit. As simple as that. The traditional banker was specialised in his business. Unfortunately, today, we have to lend, accept deposits, sell insurances, promote government schemes and what not. Today’s banker is caught between core business and these associated party products. A bank has been reduced to a departmental store where you find everything. And a banker has been reduced to a puppet in the hands of the administrators of social security products and owners of private insurance companies. It is the high time that banking be limited to core banking. Let’s do what we do best. We are masters of banking and not jacks of insurance trades. The model strategy would be to revisit our business model and revise what we are doing. We should go back to our basics and strengthen the basic pillars of our business in accordance with the current trends.
3. Collaborate to innovate: Today, the world has transformed. So has the business of banking. It is time to collaborate and develop networks. The strategy here would be to collaborate with FinTech companies, E-commerce marketplaces and so on. The idea is to make a shift from that traditional Brick-and-Mortar model to Banking as a Service (BAAS) model. Here, third-party financial and technological start-ups connect with banks. This is done with the help of technology, automatic linkages and collaboration. This model is promising as it is likely to offer personalised offers of various products to consumers. Nowadays, a number of banks in the advanced nations have adopted and collaborated with tech giants. This has been done under the concept of Logging as a Service (LAAS). To simply explain, LAAS is an IT architectural model wherein data and logs from different servers and sources are centrally ingested and analysed. In our discussion, logs and data from banks are collected and analysed so as to offer products to customers. This gives rise to a win-win situation for both tech firms and banks.
4. Open doors to Open Banking: In India, we have networked with Insurance companies. It gives us a commission. In many developed countries like the US, banks have been adopting the strategy of ’Open Banking’. It means linking with third-party service providers via Application Programme Interface (API). Here, customer’s data is shared with third-party service providers in a technical and systematic environment. This is of course done with the customer’s consent. Now what makes it different is the perfection in the identification of the customers’ needs. The data—comprising transaction pattern, account details, etc—is analysed and studied in such a way that the real product needs of a client are understood and proposed. It increases the chances of a sale. There is a spectrum of benefits in it: Customised offerings, Credit solutions, Futuristic Banking, Digital Agility, Wider client base and so on. Open Banking is the future of banking.
5. Alter to Attract: There was a time when Bank Deposits were the first choice when it came to investment. Today, the case is a complete opposite. Now, Bank FDs and RDs are the last choices. Mutual Funds and other investment options have diluted the attraction of Bank Deposits. It is the high time that we think of new strategies. Let’s alter our FDs and RDs in such a way that they provide better returns. We still enjoy the advantage of customer trust. These instruments are not risky. Let’s expand their returns by shaping the product bundle in contemporary ways. The strategy to open trending avenues is to make our deposits desirable investment druthers. Link them with the market like Mutual Funds or Gold Bonds. This, linked with the bank’s name, would make them a prefered investment choice and ensure competent returns.
6. Secure everything and everyone: Cyber Security issues, fraudulent transactions, skimming, phishing, calling scams and newest assaults have been robbing people of their hard-earned money. Cyber breaches are harsh actuality. Although, banks have been borrowing every trick in the bag to prevent it, but there has been not a hundred per cent success. It is required that cybersecurity is given all the more significance. No other strategic avenue is going to help unless and until security issue is resolved once for all.
Banking is such a vast industry. The need of the hour is to change the strategies and open new avenues. Being technically relevant, partnering with others, ensuring cybersecurity, switching to APIs, BAAS and LAAS, revisiting our core products, embracing Open Banking and making our investment options attractive, are the keys to unlock the avenues of business and prosperity.
The author is MBA, NET, IBPS. He works as Manager Scale-II in the Middle Management of a reputed PSU Bank. The views are personal
Young Kashmiri banker wins ‘Shreyas Writing Contests’
Banking and Economy competition was organised by Canara Bank
Srinagar: Abrar Ul Mustafa, a young Kashmiri banker and author from Sanoor Kalipora of Budgam district, has brought laurels to Kashmir.
Mustafa has won second prize in English poetry and fourth in English Essay. The contest was organised by All India Shreyas, under the aegis of Canara Bank, a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU).
Mustafa won the prizes for his poem “Snow and Sorrow” and his essay “New Strategies for Banking Avenues”. The results were declared in the organisation’s Result Declaration Memo on Thursday.
Shreyas is a pan India contest organised once every year in a number of categories. Shreyas is a reputed name in the field of writing pertaining to Banking and Economics. Apart from Shreyas, Mustafa has a number of awards and accolades to his name. He writes for a number of newspapers and websites. He is one of the lead columnists of Business Kashmir.
Talking about the award, Mustafa said: “I am feeling happy and this has encouraged me to write more.”
Mustafa works in the Middle Management of Canara Bank which is the third-largest PSU bank in the country.
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